Fall 2019 Impact

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9 e Culture of School for Students Who Receive Test Accommodations Dr. Whitney H. Rapp and Dr. Katrina Arndt, St. John Fisher College Sara, a 10th grader, is stressed about her algebra exam today. She is confident that she knows the material and has studied hard, but because algebra is right before her English class, she is worried about going late to English because her English teacher, Mrs. Cooper, is always frustrated with her coming in halfway through class. She sometimes rolls her eyes or makes a comment out loud about Sara coming and going at all different times. Sara has test accommodations and must take her algebra test in the library's testing center. Because she gets extended time and the library is across the building, she will have to report to English 45 minutes aer the 80 minute period starts. Besides that, she has an English test coming up and now she will miss some of the information that will be on the English test! It all feels completely unfair—but, thinks Sara, isn't that why she has test accommodations in the first place? To make things fair? Overview Culturally responsive teaching "is not a practice; it's what informs our practice so we can make better teaching choices for eliciting, engaging, motivating, supporting, and expanding the intellectual capacity of ALL of our students" (Hammond, 2015, vii). is includes students with disabilities. IDEA and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act mandate Dr. Whitney Rapp is Associate Professor of Inclusive Education at St. John Fisher College, where she teaches courses on inclusive education pedagogy, assessment, and classroom management. Dr. Rapp's current research interests include universal design for learning (UDL) throughout the school years and college, as well as strategies for executive functioning. She is the author of the textbook Universal Design for Learning: 100 Ways to Teach All Learners (Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co., 2014) and coauthor of the textbook Teaching Everyone: An Introduction to Inclusive Education (with K. L. Arndt; Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co., 2012) and the textbook Picture Inclusion: Snapshots of Successful Diverse Classrooms (with K. Arndt and S. Hildenbrand, Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co., 2019).

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